Thang Long Royal Citadel

Thang Long Royal Citadel

Location: In the central area of Hanoi. Main gate: 19 Hoang DIeu, Ba Dinh, Hanoi.


The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long isl ittle now remains of the former royal citadel of Thang Long (old Hanoi). That is the cultural complex comprising Thang Long Imperial City during Ly, Tran, Le dynasty. Most of the royal palaces and most of the structures in Thang Long were destroyed in 19th century and today the ruins of the Thang Long Imperial City are still being excavated.

The architectural relics consist of the foundation, the base of pillars, sections of brick walls, road sections, brick/gravel tiled floors, a water drainage system, water wells, and traces of lotus lakes. The new discoveries have revealed the magnitude and scale of the Thăng Long Citadel that could not be manifested through written documents or ancient maps.

A wide range of the relics in large quantity includes construction materials like bricks, tiles, stone column bases, and ironwood poles. Objects belonging to the royal family include artifacts such as jewelry, Vietnamese ceramics and porcelains, Chinese / Japanese ceramics and porcelains (Hizen ceramics and porcelains (Hizen ceramics), bronze coins from different areas, weapons. Some of the findings are valuable, or never discovered items. These relics demonstrate the highly technical and artistic developments of the Vietnamese people in the past.

The name of the royal citadel was either called the “Dragon Citadel,” Phoenix Citadel,” or “Dragon Phoenix Citadel” during the Ly and Tran Dynasties. This changed throughout the Ly, Tran and Le Dynasties, so more research is required to prove that the citadel was situated to the west of the center. In other words, it was part of the western side of the royal citadel. The result of the excavation in combination with ancient maps and documents has provided a better picture of the royal citadel.


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